you are young, dealing with puberty is difficult enough
in itself. Having to deal with breakouts and worse
still, acne, is something that cannot be taken lightly.
Acne can ruin the otherwise active social life, a
teen has worked so hard to build up. It is nothing
unusual to see teen forgoing a night out with friends
or miss that important date because of a sudden breakout.
Socially, having acne can make an active person into
a loner. It can affect self esteem dramatically. People
always thought its part and parcel of growing up and
it will go away eventually. What they do not realise
is that, ignoring acne problems now will bring about
scarring in their adult life. Do not wait until its
too late to reverse the scarring. Prevent the acne
scarring now as there is no miracle cure for scarring.
The part of the skin that is worst affected by acne
is where there are hair follicles and active sebaceous
glands. The hair follicles, or pores on your skin
have sebaceous glands, which product a oil that lubricate
your skin and hair (mainly on the face, back and chest).
its worse, the pores will clogged up with too much
sebum, dead skin cells and bacterial germs that causes
blackheads, whiteheads and redneess due to inflammation.
are different types of acne. The most common ones
are vulgaris. This shows up as inflamed pus-filled
markins that will break out on the top layer of skin.
Conglobata is far more severe, as this is an eruption
that stays below the skin. It is infected and forms
into a painful cyst. In both cases, acne will cause
severe embarrassment and terrible discomfort.
For the majority of acne sufferers, the trouble begins
at puberty, when the body begins to produce hormones
called androgens. These hormones cause the sebaceous
glands to enlarge, which is a natural part of the
body's development. In acne sufferers, however, the
sebaceous glands are overstimulated by androgens,
sometimes well into adulthood. Androgens are also
responsible for acne flare-ups associated with the
menstrual cycle and, on occasion, pregnancy.
When the sebaceous gland is stimulated by androgens,
it produces extra sebum. In its journey up the follicle
toward the surface, the sebum mixes with common skin
bacteria and dead skin cells that have been shed from
the lining of the follicle. While this process is
normal, the presence of extra sebum in the follicle
increases the chances of clogging and acne.
Normally, dead cells within the follicle shed gradually
and are expelled onto the skin's surface. But in patients
with overactive sebaceous glands and in nearly everyone
during puberty, these cells are shed more rapidly.
Mixed with a surplus of sebum, the dead skin cells
form a plug in the follicle, preventing the skin from
finishing its natural process of renewal.
The bacterium Propionibacterium acnes, (P. acnes for
short) is a regular resident of all skin types; it's
part of the skin's natural sebum maintenance system.
Once a follicle is plugged, however, P. acnes bacteria
multiply rapidly, creating the chemical reaction we
know as inflammation in the follicle and surrounding
When your body encounters unwanted bacteria, it sends
an army of white blood cells to attack the intruders.
This process is called chemotaxis; or, simply put,
the inflammatory response. This is what causes pimples
to become red, swollen and painful. The inflammatory
response is different for everyone, but studies have
shown that it is especially strong in adult women.
There is clinical evidence to indicate that powerful
forms of Vitamin A treats acne with success. Include
a good dose in your daily supplement program for good
results. Moderation, however, is key as too much Vitamin
A can be toxic. An ideal level is 25,000 IU daily,
which you could get from your multivitamin formula.
skin also requires a good supply of zinc. It is no
coincidence that most acne sufferers are teenagers
who are most likely to be deficient, as most of their
zinc resources are going into their growth spurts.
Zinc is also linked to Vitamin A, helping to control
inflammation and skin repair. Low zinc levels are
associated with increased conversion of testosterone
to DHT (dihydrotestosterone). An ideal intake is around
45mg a day.
in essential fats have also been linked to acne. These
fats are crucial to the health of the skin, its cell
membranes, hormonal balance and much more.
blocking of pores is a major factor, so keep your
face well-cleansed and free from clogging oils. Many
people make the mistake of over-cleansing their skin,
stripping off its natural protective layer of oils.
This makes things worse by encouraging the body to
produce even more oil and leaving the skin without
its natural protection from pollutants and bacteria.
'spot creams' contain benzyl peroxide - an antiseptic
which effectively helps control the growth of bacteria
but can also make the skin very dry and sore, so it
is important 'only to use it directly on the spot.
'Less is more' with benzyl peroxide.
your face with a pH-balanced cleanser, i.e. one that
has a similar pH level to the skin (between 4.5 and
5.5). This means avoiding medicated soaps and alcohol
toners, which make the skin, feel very dry, and ultimately
stimulate it to produce more oil.
you do, don't trick yourself into believing that you
do not need a moisturizer - you need a good barrier
to keep the skin well hydrated (as opposed to 'oiled')
and protected from pollution and the elements. But
do make sure it does not contain the clogging substances
mentioned above. Some contain 'microsponges' which
help absorb excess oil.
or squeezing spots is not a good idea, as this will
often introduce nasty bacteria that can cause an infection
and can leave a scar. A natural acne treatment product
may provide the required results, if used regularly.